Huge space for Pakistan to develop EVs
by Mariam Raheem
ISLAMABAD,July.14(Gwadar Pro) - Compared with fuel vehicles, the carbon emissions of new energy vehicles are close to zero, which has unparalleled advantages in terms of comfort, economy, and low operational & maintenance costs. With Pakistan's accession to the Paris Climate Agreement, controlling carbon emissions has become a major priority for the country's government and respective companies.
As one of the most important and fastest-growing areas of greenhouse gas emissions, the automotive industry has attracted much attention, and new energy vehicles have gradually become the development direction of Pakistan's automobile industry in the future. Motorcycles, Rickshaws, and Cargo Loaders are present opportunities for market penetration as their infrastructure development is easier as compared to those vehicles, which may require charging stations at easy access.
Mr. Zubair Aamir, head of the three-wheeler project team of Sazgar Engineering Works Ltd, the first successful manufacturer of CNG based three-wheeler in Pakistan which unveiled its electric rickshaw in early 2020, told Gwadar Pro recently that in rickshaw up till now they've got success to run 120 kilometers in one charge and the speed achieved is 45 to 50 kilometers per hour, which is big progress.
However, there are still challenges to overcome on the way to the maturity of the electric vehicle industry. He said that "limitations depend upon the stored energy. We are dependent on expensive energy storage batteries further, as vehicle needs to stop for quite some time to recharge after running for a very limited period.”
As per the Electric Vehicle Policy 2020-2025 (draft) for 2-3 Wheelers & Heavy Commercial Vehicles, currently there is no mechanism described as "how to bring these vehicles on road". The major problem is registration for all-electric vehicles in Pakistan. “Existing fossil fuel vehicles are registered based on their engine number and chassis number, but Electric Vehicle will have only chassis number but no replacement of engine number. Using unique Electric Motor number for registration purposes can be one of the options.” Mr. Zubair explained.
He has a request to the government to allow EVs to ply on road temporarily and give them temporary number plates. This temporary arrangement will help people get familiar with the use of EV, its advantages, and at the same time industries will get useful feedback to adjust their EVs according to the local environment. Meanwhile, the Federal and Provincial Governments and all concerned agencies complete their legislative work on a top priority basis to develop the system according to the requirements for electric vehicle.
The steady development of new energy vehicles in China has provided good technical support and business support for joint ventures. After decades of cooperation and innovation, China’s automobile industry has gradually stepped onto the world stage, and the Sino-Pakistan automobile joint venture will be further deepened. From joint ventures in automobile production, in production of spare parts, and then allied industries such as iron, steel, and chemical industry, etc, there is a huge space for cooperation between the two sides. In this regard, Mr. Zubair said that he would establish a JV with a Chinese automobile company without any hesitation if there is an opportunity as it is the main trend. Pakistan should also learn the methods and policies of Chinese electric vehicle management.