Hong Kong: One Country Two Systems

By Muhammad Asif Noor | Gwadar Pro Dec 27, 2021

China's State Council Information Office published a white paper explaining the precipitation of democracy in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). The paper titled “Hong Kong: Democratic Progress Under the Framework of One Country, Two Systems" tells the origin and 7development of democracy in Hong Kong and the principal position of the central government over the region.

The central government neither stepped back from supporting socio-economic development nor intervened in democratic process of legislation in Hong Kong. The central government has been determined, steadfast and sincere in its efforts to perform its share of responsibilities and ensure that Hong Kong is ruled by resident compatriots. 

The principle of One Country and Two Systems implies the decoupling of administration in China and Hong Kong following socialist rule and capitalist rule respectively. The CPC is confident of the successful functioning of socialist system in mainland China but equally certain of the long term success of the capitalist system in Hong Kong buttressed by democracy and rule of law. In this manner, both systems are successfully functioning in China where they attempt to achieve prosperity, stability, harmony, and openness to the world. 

Meanwhile, there had been many instances of political turmoil in Hong Kong when anti-China agitators supported by foreign elements attempted to choke the democracy and disrupt the smooth administration. CPC has taken major decisions to end political instability in Hong Kong including taking offenders into account of violence on foreign instigation. The white paper touches on the matter and explains that CPC is committed to consolidating the authority of the central government over HKSAR without making constitutional change into its autonomy but the peace and order must be prevailed under basic law and constitution. In this regard, the CPC Central Committee adopted a resolution in the sixth plenary session which identified Hong Kong and Macao affairs as autonomous and protected by legal framework. 

CPC expects that the central government should direct democracy in Hong Kong in a positive direction to guard the national security under constitutional order. The document expects the balanced participation of people in governance to enable Hong Kong to be a pluralistic and open society. Coincidental to the point of functioning democracy, Hong Kong held first elections of its Legislative Council under the updated electoral system. The participants of elections, voters and contestants, have been equally enthusiastic about the electoral process. According to the statistics, 1.3 million registered voters cast their votes in 630 polling stations to elect 90 legislators amongst 153 contestants. 

The Electoral Affairs Commission has made necessary arrangements to facilitate the voters through the provision of free transport to polling stations and cast their vote without any delay. No voter has to wait for long and even the residents of Hong Kong living in mainland China also travelled to Hong Kong to exercise their voting rights which reflects the wholesome public trust into political process. 

The publication of the white paper and convening of election show the deep understanding and mutual trust of the entire electorate on One Country and two systems. CPC, with socialist ideology allowed, Hong Kong with capitalist outlook to hold free and fair elections without interference testify the premise of White paper. As China believes in Whole Process Democracy which integrate two systems because it allows public participation, a very process of democracy. This caters public needs through concrete actions instead of empty promises. CPC at 100 years of its existence has always projected people’s centric approach towards the building a moderately prosperous society and that idea is based on the wellbeing of people. This is coupled with their independence and equality to participate in political processes and decision-making structures in overall development.   

(Muhammad Asif Noor, the writer is Founder Friends of Belt and Road Forum)   

 The views don't necessarily represent those of Gwadar Pro.



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